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There are a number of festivals, holidays and other events celebrated in Prague each year. The main ones are listed below.

January 1: New Year's Day (national)

January 6: Epiphany (Svátek Tri králu - national)

The festival celebrates the Day of the Three Kings, when the Magi came to worship Christ, and marks the end of the Christmas season. Church bells ring across Prague and everyone is encouraged to offer gifts to those less advantaged.

January 19: Anniversary of Jan Palach's death (national)

Each year, Czechs of all ages gather in front of the memorial in Wenceslas Square, dedicated to Jan Palach, a 21-year-old student who burned himself to death here on this day in 1969, to protest the Soviet occupation of his country.

May 1: Labour Day (national)

Late June–early September: Summer Shakespeare Festival (local)

Founded in 1994, this festival pays tribute to the great English dramatist each summer, by staging some 140 performances (all plays are presented in Czech) at historic open-air venues across Prague.

October 28: Founding Day (national)

Commemorates the founding of the first independent Czechoslovak state, from territories that were previously part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, on this day in 1918. Highlights includes official ceremonies, military parades, concerts and fireworks.

Late November–late December: Christmas Markets (local)

In Prague, each district has its own Christmas market: the most impressive ones are held on Old Town Square and Wenceslas Square. The Czech capital also organizes many Christmas concerts during this same period.

December 25: Christmas (national)

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Prague has a semi-continental climate characterized by a relatively wide range of temperatures. Winters are usually cold, dry and sunny, with frequent snowfall. Summers are very warm and pleasant.

Month Min. Average Temperature (°C/F°) Max. Average Temperature (°C/F°) Average Rains (MM) Best Time to Travel
January -1/30 3/37 20/0.8 Not the best period to go
February -1/30 5/41 18/0.7 Not the best period to go
March 2/36 9/48 28/1.1 Not the best period to go
April 6/43 14/57 28/1.1 Not the best period to go
May 10/50 20/68 58/2.3 Not the best period to go
June 13/55 23/73 66/2.6 Good period to go Good period to go
July 15/59 25/77 65/2.6 Good period to go Good period to go
August 15/59 25/77 59/2.3 Good period to go Good period to go
September 11/52 20/68 36/1.4 Good period to go Good period to go
October 7/45 14/57 26/1.0 Not the best period to go
November 3/37 7/45 29/1.1 Not the best period to go
December 0/32 4/39 23/0.9 Not the best period to go
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Prague Vaclav Havel International Airport

The Prague's Vaclav Havel International Airport is located about 18 kilometres (11 miles) from the city centre.

  • Three terminals:
    • Terminal 1
    • Terminal 2 (Air France)
    • Terminal 3

Getting from the airport to Prague and back:
  • By car
    • Accessible via the E-48.
    • Short-term car parks (P1 and P2) are located opposite the North Terminal, (free for the first 15 minutes, CZK 100 for up to 30 minutes, and CZK 100 for each additional half hour). Several long-term parking facilities are also available close to the terminals, all charging a day rate of CZK 500.
    • Several car rental companies have counters in a separate hall on the ground floor of the Comfort (PC) parking garage.
  • By bus
    • Three bus lines (119, 100 and 191) connect the airport with Prague's metro (located about 20 minutes from Prague's city centre via lines A and B, with a travel time of about 10 minutes (CZK 32 for a one-way ticket, CZK 40 when bought onboard).
  • By shuttle
    • Airport Express operates minibuses between the airport and the city centre from 5:30 a.m. to 10:30 p.m. Travel time is about 35 minutes and the fare is CZK 60 each way.
  • By taxi
    • Taxis are available at the ranks outside each terminal. The trip to the city centre takes about 15 minutes and costs around CZK 500.
  • Services: shops, bars and restaurants, free Internet access (Wi-Fi) available in the airport.
  • Telephone: +420 220 111 888
  • Website: https://www.prg.aero/en#/

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Prague is a pleasant city to explore and easy to get around. The Czech capital has an excellent and integrated public transport system with a Metro, buses, trams and night trams.

By metro

Prague's Metro is certainly the fastest and most convenient public transport option for getting around the city. It is particularly useful for relatively long distances or when heading from the city centre to peripheral areas. A single ticket costs CZK 32 and remains valid for 90 minutes from first use on the Metro, trams or buses. CZK 110 for 1 day and CZK 310 for 3 days.

By tram

Prague's trams are particularly efficient and serve all areas of the city. A single ticket costs CZK 32 and remains valid for 90 minutes from first use on the Metro, trams or buses.

By bus

Prague's buses are a complement for areas not well served by either the Metro or the trams. For the most part, the bus network is limited to central Prague. A single ticket costs CZK 32.

By car

If a car may not prove extremely useful to get around Prague, it is however easy to drive. It may be a good option if you wish to visit the region. Be aware that car rental agencies are demanding, and a certain number of restrictions apply between Germany and Czech Republic.

By taxi

Taking a taxi in Prague is a rather costly option. The initial charge is CZK 40, then CZK 28 per kilometre.

By bicycle

Riding a bike is an excellent way to discover Prague. A vast network of bike lanes allows you to safely explore the city. Due to its numerous hills, various rental agencies also offer electric bikes.

On foot

As the centre of Prague is wonderfully compact, discovering the city on foot is a thoroughly enjoyable experience and is unquestionably the best way to get around, unless you are pressed for time.

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Visitor information

Upon your arrival in Prague, you can get in touch with local tourism professionals for further information and to help organise your stay.

Prague City Tourism

Offers practical information and useful recommendations (accommodation, restaurants, public transport, festivals, cultural events, etc.).

Czech Republic travel guide

The official website maintained by the Czech Tourism Authority provides a wealth of information on Prague and its region.

Website: https://www.czechtourism.com/home/

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Currency and Exchange Rates

The currency used in Czech Republic is the Czech Koruna (CZK).

1 JOD = 30.18 CZK

1 CZK = 0.03 JOD

The above exchange rate is given for information because is variable.

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Medical information

In order to travel in the best conditions and for your health and safety, we invite you to check all information regarding preventive measures and best practices to be respected, available on the official website of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs: https://www.diplomatie.gouv.fr/en/country-files/

Your comfort, well-being and health are at the heart of Air France's concerns, and we want to help you prepare for your trip in the best way possible. Find out more about the measures taken to ensure safe travelling on our website: https://www.airfrance.fr/FR/en/common/page_flottante/information/coronavirus.htm#notre-engagement-sanitaire

See your doctor before you travel. It is recommended that you obtain insurance covering health care expenses as well as medical evacuation or repatriation before you leave home. Prague counts several hospitals and medical institutions, as well as quality medical practitioners and health specialists.


There are no vaccination requirements for visitors to the Czech Republic.

For more information, contact Air France's international vaccination centre:

Food safety

There are no food safety risks in Prague.


Tap water is safe to drink in Prague.

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Administrative formalities

Entry requirements for the Czech Republic

For a stay of less than three months, travellers from the Schengen area, as well as those from the countries of the European Union not included in the area, need only be in possession of a national identity card or a passport valid for the duration of their stay in order to enter the Czech Republic.

As a general rule, all other travellers are subject to visa requirements, although citizens of some countries may enter the Czech Republic for a short stay of up to 90 days without a visa.

For further information, visit the website of the Czech Ministry of Foreign Affairs:


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Useful addresses

To enjoy peace of mind during your stay in Prague, visit the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of your country.

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Essential phrases

Here are a few basic Czech phrases that will make your stay in Prague a little easier:

Hello / Good morning / Good afternoon: Dobrý den Hello / Good morning / Good afternoon: <em>Dobrý den</em>

Good evening: Dobrý večer Good evening: <em>Dobrý večer</em>

Goodbye: Na shledanou Goodbye: <em>Na shledanou</em>

Yes: Ano Yes: <em>Ano</em>

No: Ne No: <em>Ne</em>

No, thank you: Ne, děkuji No, thank you: <em>Ne, děkuji</em>

Thank you very much: Děkuji mnohokrát Thank you very much: <em>Děkuji mnohokrát</em>

Please: Prosím Please: <em>Prosím</em>

I don't understand: Nerozumím I don't understand: <em>Nerozumím</em>

Could you repeat ?: Můžete zopakovat ? Could you repeat ?: <em>Můžete zopakovat ?</em>

What time is it ?: Kolik je hodin ? What time is it ?: <em>Kolik je hodin ?</em>

Sorry / Excuse me: Promiňte Sorry / Excuse me: <em>Promiňte</em>

Airport: Letiště Airport: <em>Letiště</em>

Train station: Nádraží Train station: <em>Nádraží</em>

Taxi: Taxi Taxi: <em>Taxi</em>

Hotel: Hotel Hotel: <em>Hotel</em>

Hospital: Nemocnice Hospital: <em>Nemocnice</em>

Bank: Banka Bank: <em>Banka</em>

Telephone: Telefon Telephone: <em>Telefon</em>

I'm (…): Já jsem (…) I'm (…): <em>Já jsem (…)</em>

I'm looking for (…): Hledám (...) I'm looking for (…): <em>Hledám (...)</em>

How much is (…)?: Kolik stojí (…) ? How much is (…)?: <em>Kolik stojí (…) ?</em>

Do you have (…)?: Máte (…) ? Do you have (…)?: <em>Máte (…) ?</em>

Where can I find (…)?: Kde mohu najít (…) ? Where can I find (…)?: <em>Kde mohu najít (…) ?</em>

Where can I buy (…)?: Kde mohu koupit (…) ? Where can I buy (…)?: <em>Kde mohu koupit (…) ?</em>

I'd like (…): Ráda bych (…). (If you're a woman) / Rád bych (…). (If you're a man) I'd like (…): <em>Ráda bych (…). (If you're a woman) / Rád bych (…). (If you're a man)</em>

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Good to know

+ phone number
-1 : 00
of time difference with
Start of daylight saving time: last Sunday in March

End of daylight saving time: last Sunday in October

Usually open Monday to Friday from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Usually open Monday to Friday from 9 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. and 1:30 p.m. to 5 p.m.
230 V / 50 Hz

Tipping is expected in Prague, as in the rest of the Czech Republic, but the tip should be handed to the server when paying the bill, rather than leaving it on the table. There is no hard-and-fast rule for the amount, but 5 to 10% of the bill is usually appropriate. The lowest percentage is entirely acceptable when you are dining in a café or a casual restaurant, whereas higher percentages are suitable at mid-level and upmarket restaurants.

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